Sleep paralysis: what it is and why it happens ~ Meaning Articles

Sleep paralysis: what it is and why it happens

Sleep paralysis or dead rise causes great distress, because mobility disabled for a few seconds or minutes, but not of any danger or major complications
Have you ever experienced the feeling of inability to perform any movement just starting to sleep or upon waking? This episode, which causes great distress to those affected, is called the sleep paralysis , but was popularly known as " He rises dead ", but has nothing to do with paranormal phenomena. It is a sleep disorder that, according to some studies, it affects less than 4% of the population. It is not serious, but it can be a symptom of narcolepsy and generates much anxiety even terror who experiences it . This article addresses the scientific explanation of sleep paralysis and explains how to avoid it.

The situation: wake up suddenly; notice a tightness in the chest, as if someone sat up -you can not breathe deeply, and be unable to move limbs, trunk and neck; although auditory and tactile capacity is maintained, can not mutter a word; many may even suffer visual or auditory hallucinations... This causes a sense of vulnerability and death, and great distress.

Thus described, it would seem the story of a paranormal experience. However, as stated in the "International Classification of Sleep Disorders" of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine, this episode is called sleep paralysis . The "Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders" (DMS) of the American Psychiatric Association, the ranks within the parasomnias unspecified (one parasomnia is a disorder characterized by behavior or abnormal physiological phenomena that take place to coincide with sleep) . According to the DMS, these situations can occur at bedtime (hypnagogic) or waking up (hypnopompic) and the affected feel extreme anxiety, sometimes with a feeling of impending doom. Lasts a few seconds to a few minutes and gives spontaneously if someone else touch him. Sleep paralysis, it can sometimes be a symptom of narcolepsy.

Sleep paralysis: why does it happen?

Sleep paralysis can be a symptom of narcolepsy, the most severe form of hypersomnia
The dream normally consists of two distinct periods: the slow wave sleep or REM (short for rapid eyes movement ) and paradoxical sleep or REM. No REM sleep consists of four distinct phases: first coincides with a generalized relaxation and progressively brain activity slows down and the muscular system to be in complete rest.

Then the beginning REM , where, again, the brain is very active, similar to when awake, but the body is at rest. It is in this period where dreams and lots of information on the environment is captured. Sleep paralysis occurs just at this stage. Therefore, the usual causes symptoms characteristic of this stage: the muscle weakness by suppressing the function of motor neurons . This mechanism would avoid moves that could hurt while sleeping and goes to move to the next phase of sleep.

Some studies claim that its prevalence between 0.3% and 4% of the population in general and among the factors that predispose to suffer, are irregular sleeping habits, as happens to people who work shifts, have often jet-lag , prolonged sleep deprivation, stress, exhaustion and even sleep in the supine position. However, some studies claim that sleep paralysis only associated with poor quality of sleep occurs in 49% of those affected.

How to reduce episodes of sleep paralysis

Thus, to reduce the episodes, it may be useful to follow adequate rest habits:
  • Make exercise three to six hours before bedtime.
  • Sleep enough hours.
  • Reduce stress .
  • Follow a good eating habits .
  • Do not consume exciting drinks such as cola, tea, coffee or chocolate, before bedtime.
Generally, this does not cause any complications parasomnia, so if it is not accompanied by other symptoms of narcolepsy, it goes no studies done.

Sleep paralysis, try to stop it and having a sweet dream!

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